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Unit Vocabulary: Perception, Cognition and Worldviews

August 30, 2012 Leave a comment

Concepts/Terms:

Perception   Perspective   Position   Cognition   Metacognition   Bias

Orientation   Objective   Subjective   Philosophy  Meme  Values   Worldview

Paradigm  Paradigm-shift   Schema   Culture   Society   Cultural Evolution

Empiricism   Scientific Method    Natural Law   Revolution   Humanism

Social Contract  Framing    Feedback     O.O.D.A Loop

Worldviews:

Prehistoric   Ancient    Medieval   Renaissance   Reformation   Enlightenment

Scientific Revolution

Thinkers:

Socrates   Plato   Aristotle    Cicero   Francis Bacon   Rene Descartes

Isaac Newton   Thomas Hobbes    John Locke

Charles Darwin   Thomas Kuhn   Richard Dawkins    George Lakoff    John Boyd

Teaching and Learning: High Conceptual Thinkers

August 30, 2012 Leave a comment

The Eide Neurolearning Blog run by Drs. Brock and Fernette Eide, has long been one of my favorite blogs – here’s an example of why:

Gifted Big Picture / High Conceptual Thinkers

High Conceptual Thinkers are often…

– Omnivorous Learners: The world may be their oyster. Because of their quest for the “interesting”, they may love the Internet, read entire encyclopedias, or incessantly question adults about the real world, and so learn a little bit about everything. They may not hit ceiling scores on the conceptual knowledge IQ subtests because their omnivorous approach to figuring out the world around them.

– New is the Thing: HCTs prefer novelty (this is how they develop new conceptual categories) and are tickled by unconventional viewpoints or discoveries.

– Big Picture, Not Little Details: HCTs don’t always transition well to the “precision years” of late elementary, middle school, or beyond.

– Boredom is Death: Although using the ‘b’ word is notoriously a “no-no” word when talking to teachers, these kids rebel against what they see as boredom. Boredom may really seem like death to young HCTs.

If young HCTs seem “driven by a motor”, it’s intellectual restlessness and it can be a blessing as well as a burden.Not surprisingly, these kids often find classroom learning unsatisfying. After all, much of early education is focused on mastering basic skills or established facts, this is not what these kids are about. They’d rather be finding new worlds to conquer.

Although these kids are challenging to teach and parent, they are also a delight, and Dan Pink and others have suggested that the Conceptual Age is upon us and this pattern of thinking should be what we should be encouraging.

“High conceptual thinkers” – those with an insatiable intellectual curiosity, who see meta-level patterns and excel at constructing paradigms, extrapolation, synthesis and consilience are probably not a large percentage of the population and, most likely, they include eccentrics and cranks as well as highly accomplished individuals like E.O. Wilson, Buckminster Fuller, Freeman Dyson, Nikola Tesla, Richard Feynman and probably figures like Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, Sir Richard Francis Burton, Winston Churchill, Robert Hooke, Leonardo Da Vinci and numerous others.There seems to be some congruency between HCTs and the category of people known as polymaths, which raises the question of whether HCT are born or can be encouraged to develop such a cognitive profile from education and life experience.

The Eides offered a list of techniques for teaching children recognized as HCTs, but to my mind, these would also benefit a fairly broad section of students:

Teaching Big Picture / High Conceptual Thinkers

– Sky’s the Limit: If an idea or a lesson would be interesting to a wonky tech-y post-college 20-something, then it’s fine for the HCT. If a story or thing could be written about in Wired, Fast Company, or Mental Floss, then you’re probably on the right track. Sky should be the limit. Even some generally excellent gifted programs we’ve seen may grossly underestimate an HCT’s ability to think about advanced concepts. Also because HCTs develop their ideas through pattern recognition, they may want to see many examples and permutations, and complex presentations in order to help organize their ideas into simpler concepts.

– Play with Ideas: Conceptual thinkers like and need to play with ideas. Play expands ideas, creating a new opening for associations. Play means not micromanaging learning experiences – allowing some dabbling, and taking away some of the “high stakes every time” routine (e.g. not everything should be graded).

– Argue with Ideas We think many educational curricula wait way to long before they allow young HCTs to consider different viewpoints, learn how to frame arguments or actually debate, but this is often what HCTs love. If they don’t get it at school, make sure they get it home…maybe at the dinner table? Half of the 400 eminent men and women profiled in the Goertzels’ Cradles of Eminence came from “opinionated” families: “It is these homes that produce most of the scientists, humanitarians, and reformers.”

Compare these recommendations with the advice offered by nanotechnologist Dr. Eric Drexler of Metamodern:

Studying to learn about everything

To intellectually ambitious students I recommend investing a lot of time in a mode of study that may feel wrong. An implicit lesson of classroom education is that successful study leads to good test scores, but this pattern of study is radically different. It cultivates understanding of a kind that won’t help pass tests – the classroom kind, that is.

  1. Read and skim journals and textbooks that (at the moment) you only half understand. Include Science and Nature.
  2. Don’t halt, dig a hole, and study a particular subject as if you had to pass a test on it.
  3. Don’t avoid a subject because it seems beyond you – instead, read other half-understandable journals and textbooks to absorb more vocabulary, perspective, and context, then circle back.
  4. Notice that concepts make more sense when you revisit a topic.
  5. Notice which topics link in all directions, and provide keys to many others. Consider taking a class.
  6. Continue until almost everything you encounter in Science and Nature makes sense as a contribution to a field you know something about.

Intellectual curiosity would seem to be the axis that would make these approaches work effectively, and possibly, that’s what these techniques stimulate.

What I am Reading

August 27, 2012 2 comments

Reading is an enjoyable and important part of life.  A person who never is seen carrying a book is likely to have a head as empty as their hands. Teddy Roosevelt claimed that he read a book a day and Thomas Jefferson, whose personal collection became the foundation of The Library of Congress, said “I cannot live without books”.

Here is what I have been reading in the past few weeks:

 

Here is what I am starting to read in addition:

 

What are you reading?

Categories: Books, Fun, Learning

Classroom Policies Sheet

August 27, 2012 Leave a comment

This document will be sent home with the students for a parental signature.

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Mr. Safranski’s 8th Grade Social Studies Classroom Policies

Classroom Conduct:

All school policies in the student handbook apply. In addition, I have the following classroom rules:

  • No inappropriate language
  • Keep your hands, feet and objects to yourself
  • Respect the personal space and property of others
  • Stay in your seats until asked to do otherwise
  • Raise your hand to speak – do not interrupt others
  • Follow directions the first time
  • No complaining about learning requirements and student responsibilities

Violations of rules could result in a warning, special assignment, detention, parental contact or referral to the office depending on severity and frequency.

Social Studies Notebook:

Every student is required to have and to bring a spiral notebook dedicated to Social Studies every day to class. The notebook forms a record of what is learned, heard, read and discussed in each Social Studies unit. It is normal for a student to need a second notebook before the end of the year because the first one will be full.

All students are required to take notes during lecture. Lecture slides are re-posted on the classroom blog after the lecture is finished for all classes and again at the end of the unit prior to the test.

Student Preparation, Grading System, Unit Tests:

All students are expected to arrive on time to class with all their materials and homework completed, ready to learn. The standard LJHS grading system applies (ie – 100-90% = A, 89 -80% = B etc.). Tests are announced 5-7 days in advance and a study guide for students is always provided.

Restroom Use/Hall Pass/IMC Pass:

Is a privilege allowed for reasonable use at reasonable times, not a “right”. The students who abuse it, will lose it.

Plagiarism:

Is academic misconduct and will result in a “0 %” F grade.

 

Classroom Blog:

The LJHS Social Studies Blog can be found at the following URL : https://ljhs.wordpress.com/  or reached from the LJHS webpage.  The blog will have information on student project requirements, study guides, lecture slides, unit vocabulary as well as general information or articles related to learning, education, history or the CCSD # 66 community.

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Student Signature_______________________________________________________________ (    / 12)

Parental signature______________________________________________________________________

Welcome Back Class of 2012-2013!

August 27, 2012 Leave a comment

Welcome back 8th graders! Hope that you had a great summer!

On to official business……

It is required that you have a notebook dedicated to Social Studies:

You will be filling it with……

  • Lecture Notes
  • Sketches
  • Questions
  • Ideas
  • Diagrams
  • Quotations
  • Vocabulary
  • Concept Maps
  • Brainstorming sessions
  • Geographic Maps
  • Instructions

And much more!

TESTING….TESTING…1….2….3…..This is only a test of the emergency blogcast system….

August 27, 2012 Leave a comment

Categories: Blog test

TEST # 2

August 27, 2012 Leave a comment

Categories: Blog test